Thursday, August 17, 2017

Digital Farming and Analog Roadkill



If video killed the radio star, then smartphones sent many farm practices and traditions to the graveyard. They were mercy killings in most cases—who wants CDs or cassettes in their truck cabs if digital music is flowing from the clouds? But as the tech highway turns into an expressway on many farms and ranches, we might end up with a few bits of analog roadkill that we’ll miss.

A look at some items from the digital hit list: radios, landlines, pocket watches, three-legged stools, 
sack swings--and maybe the setting sun.
 

The available apps were impressive!
Nowadays, if you can find a transistor radio in a store, it’s probably covered with dust on a shelf next to a stack of VHS tapes. For many farmers, a portable radio provided weather forecasts, grain market reports, and sports scores. At our noon family meal, Dad would turn down the farm show just long enough for the prayer. After that, we kids could chat and be goofy as long as he could hear the livestock prices and USDA grain projections. Smartphones provide weather radar, podcasts, and up-to-the-minute market info. Transistor radios are an endangered species.

Cell phones initiated a slow euthanasia for landline phones years ago when the cord was severed. Some farmers still have a unit on the wall, but gone are the days of rotary dial or party-line systems. It used to be fun listening in on others who shared the party line--a type of neighborly hacking--but now farmers can have their smartphones anywhere. An old crank phone never did fit on a tractor, and the extension cord would have been massive.

A true bib overall-wearing old timer used to have a pocket watch--usually hidden away in some Hobbit-like flap. They'd flip the cover, check the time, and fiddle around with the wind-up knob. Smartphones have the time and so much more—after all, you could be out in the pasture and suddenly need to know what time it is in Cupertino or Ulan Bator. 

Smartphones can also monitor and control other farm functions. Our old barn no longer has a cow stall or a three-legged stool. Many dairy operations now use sensors and automatic devices. The robots don't seem to mind if Bossy swings her tail, swatting flies and scattering mud. A few farmers even have “bovine fitbits” on their cows—no virtual boxing classes or hot yoga sessions yet as far as I know, but they can check their screens to see if Bossy has a fever. 

With smartphones and other digital technology, farmers can control soil testing, watering systems, and seed orders with the touch of a screen. They don’t need to visit the feed store--or wherever farmers used to gather—to get information or hear gossip. Google Search can tell them what new herbicide works best on pigweed, and a Twitter site might keep them up on who’s bidding what on that 160 acres outside of town. You still have to go to high school football games or church socials to get the really juicy gossip.

With precision farming on the rise, the possibilities for smartphone use are as wide as the Midwest horizon. Even leisure time can be affected. Farmers and their kids are tempted with the latest version of online games like Farmville or Hay Day. Eventually, the analog roadkill museum could include baseball gloves, kites, and the old sack swing that used to hang from an oak tree limb.

With bigger screens, better sound, crisper colors, and maybe even refined scratch-and-sniff capabilities, smartphones will make it so we don’t need to leave our living rooms. We won’t need to walk down to the bridge on the lane to watch the blue heron fish in the backwater, the snapping turtle lounge in the mud, or a small bull snake slither into the grass. The last rays of sunlight in the west and the rising moon in the east will be impressive, and the smell of new cut hay will float in from the neighbor’s field, but you’ll suddenly feel a phantom vibration and realize you left your brand new jumbo-screen iPhone in the house. Better rush back to check if anyone else took a good picture of the sunset.  

by dan gogerty (top pic from pinterest.com and bottom pic from proag.com)

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

'May The Legacy of Dr. Borlaug Live On!'

August is "Celebrate CAST Members Month"


On August 31, 1971, seven societies voted to become members of the Council for Agricultural Science and Technology--one being the Crop Science Society of America. "I can say that a part of that team saw great value in becoming a CAST member because they believed in the same goal as Dr. Norman Borlaug," stated Dr. David Baltensperger, a professor and department head of soil and crop sciences at Texas A&M University. That goal was to develop a vehicle that would provide information for decision makers and the general public by sharing the value in explaining new technologies that were coming on board to feed the world.

Baltensperger finds CAST's many services beneficial as they allow CSSA's members to be participatory in not only the discussion and dispersal of credible, scientific information, but additionally in the development of various CAST publications and educational material. "By being a member, CSSA is able to engage our membership in the work of CAST and link them to the services that CAST produces."

Much like Drew Lyon, Baltensperger stresses the importance of becoming a member of CAST. "This organization can serve as an outlet for various societies as they search for avenues to connect information to their audiences. We all, as societies, have matters that require our participation--the development of new technologies requires us to make the public aware of their benefits and the best management practices when using the technology." Baltensperger states that he joined as an individual member of CAST "once upon a time" because he felt that agriculture in general was much more than just the field that he was connected to. "All who are involved in the agricultural industry need to come together as scientists and agriculturalists to help make credible, science-based information readily available to the public. CAST is the perfect organization to serve as the leading force of this undertaking."

"Helping to drive CAST's mission is so important," states Baltensperger. "It plays a real role in developing the thought process of the public. If we are not at the table with credible, science-based information, then the voids can easily be filled with junk. The obvious cost of misinformation is high--some occasions more serious than others--but misinformation should not be the only information available."

If you are interested in reaping the benefits of CAST, as does CSSA, visit our website for more information or call us at 515-292-2125.


By: Kylie Peterson

Thursday, August 10, 2017

CAST's Youngest Member: Digging Deep into Agriculture and the Dirt

Jack enjoys seeing how plants survive--
but he's tough on weeds.

August is "Celebrate CAST Members Month"


This week CAST would like to feature our youngest member, who recently reach out to CAST staff about joining. Jack Liebeck, an eighth-grader from California, is not like most 13-year-olds. Instead of filling his free time with Sports Center and video games, Jack prefers to get his hands dirty in his garden. "I have always been interested in plants. I have a wide variety, including carnivores, fruits, vegetables, palm trees, and more. It's quite fascinating to see how a single plant has the ability to survive in various weather conditions."

CAST staff members are impressed by Jack being so proactive in pursuing opportunities that further his education and passion for agriculture at such a young age. What makes his story even more captivating is that just a few months ago, he purchased a greenhouse and is working on a website to document his journey. "Learning about plants is fun for me and never feels like work."

Eventually, Jack would like to pursue a career in landscape architecture. "I have assisted in multiple landscaping projects and am always eager to do yardwork for others and myself." For now, he is working to gain experience and knowledge about the wide varieties of plants, environments, and career opportunities agriculture has to offer.

Jack's pumpkins flowered in May; jack-o-lanterns by October?
Jack found CAST while exploring the internet for articles to meet his school reading requirements. "I believe that CAST will be a great resource for science-based information--I look forward to reading through the large variety of publications. I encourage my peers to use the CAST website if they are interested in sound science. I am only 13 and some of the articles were above my reading level, but I was still able to understand most of the information provided because of the small data summaries throughout the articles--making it easier to comprehend."

CAST is proud to offer a free membership to all students and pleased to welcome Jack as our newest and youngest CAST member.

By: Kylie Peterson

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Happy National Farmers Market Week!

Farmers Markets: Preserve Farmland, Stimulate Local Economies, Increase Access to Nutritious Food, Support Healthy Communities, and Promote Sustainability


There is no better place to find locally grown, sustainable food than a farmers market. A century old tradition full of freshness, markets are usually packed with dozens of venders selling a wide variety of products. Even if you are not looking to purchase an ingredient for your evening meal, it is an experience you do not want to miss.

This week is quite unique for farmers as thousands are headed to town with a range of produce and products to celebrate this year's National Farmers Market Week. This event began August 6th and goes through August 12th, with a goal to encourage families to support local farmers and growers who use farmers markets as sales outlets. Don't forget to participate on social media at #FarmersMarketWeek and help stimulate local business development.

One of the most unique things about farmers markets is that they can be found all over the world with just the click of a button. So, no matter where your travels take you this summer, you're sure to never go hungry. This article highlights the top ten must visit farmers markets in the United States, while this article highlights the best fresh markets found overseas. The United States Department of Agriculture even made this handy directory designed to provide customers with convenient access to information about farmers market listings to include: market locations, directions, operating times, product offerings, accepted forms of payment, and much more.

These seasonal events can draw quite a crowd--creating many benefits for the consumer, the community, and the farmers who grow the food. Visit this blog to gather insight on how farmers markets are much more than just farm-fresh foods.  Happy National Farmers Market Week!

By: Kylie Peterson

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Respectfully Representing Our Roots

August is "Celebrate CAST Members Month"


A document written by Charles A. Black states that the scientific society members control CAST's activities and are essential to the unity of agricultural science and the effectiveness of CAST. "In a very real sense, the scientific society members are CAST. Each member contributes to CAST's progress, credibility, acceptance, and prestige." One of the seven founding members, the American Society of Agronomy (ASA), has served as a loyal member of CAST since its inception during a meeting in O'Hare Airport in 1971.

Dr. Drew Lyon has been an individual member and ASA liaison for more than 20 years. "I became a member when Steve Miller, past president of the Western Society of Weed Science, stood up and said, 'All WSWS members should become a member of CAST,' as he pounded his fist on the table." Since Drew did not grow up on a farm, he knows the importance of sharing credible science and debunking misinformation the general public is often susceptible to. "This is why it is such an asset to have CAST addressing issues from many different perspectives. Not only because it is credible, science-based, and unbiased, but because it covers such a wide range of disciplines."

Drew explains why it is so important for ASA and other organizations to have a seat at the table when these topics are being discussed. "It serves as a platform and opportunity for our perspectives and opinions to be heard. It also provides great resources to help direct information to the appropriate audiences." He encourages all agriculture-related science groups to become a member of CAST. "There are a lot of myths and misinformation out there, and it seems to become increasingly problematic--that's why CAST is so important, as it is a source of information that people can trust and rely on."

Among CAST's many services, Drew personally enjoys receiving CAST Friday Notes every week. "I really like receiving the electronic newsletter each Friday morning. It is packed full of interesting and insightful information. I click on a few links and often learn something new." Additionally, he finds the CAST Issue Papers and CAST Commentaries to be great references for some of his work. "I think these papers are a great way to obtain the attention of policymakers in Washington, D.C.--providing them with information aids in better decision making for agriculture."


Drew finds great value in being involved with CAST. "I really think that small 100-dollar annual membership fee is well worth the price in order to get unbiased agricultural information to those in Washington." If you are interested in reaping the benefits of CAST, as does ASA, visit our website for more information or call us at 515-292-2125.


By: Kylie Peterson

Thursday, July 27, 2017

August Is "Celebrate CAST Members Month"

Success Comes from an Engaged, Diverse Base  


When CAST began in 1972, the organization used rotary dial phones, clunky typewriters, and snail-mail newsletters. The digital age changed the methods, but the basic premise remains the same-CAST fulfills its mission of communicating credible, science-based information, and it succeeds because of the consistent support of its members.

Seven scientific societies signed on as the first official members of CAST, and dedicated individuals began donating time and expertise. Charles A. Black served CAST in some manner-including president-from 1972 to 1988, and he became known as the organization's "moving spirit."

Norman Borlaug was a charter CAST supporter, and throughout the decades, hundreds of scientists, educators, and agriculturalists have contributed in various ways. Without the financial support of members, the commitment of those on the boards, and the expert input of task force volunteers, CAST could not have succeeded as a respected agricultural resource.

In recognition of the many who have contributed, the CAST staff and boards declare August 2017 as "Celebrate CAST Members Month." Through Friday Notes, social media, and the website, the organization will be sharing historical information, highlighting founding members, and featuring examples of the many who have joined in this effort to promote ag and science-from long-time individual participants to CAST's newest-and youngest-student member.

CAST Executive Vice President Kent Schescke recognizes the importance of active, diverse membership: "We have been working with the Board to strengthen our membership base--from teenagers to retirees, from nonprofit to corporate, from agriculturalists to consumers, and from educational institutions large and small.  We know that all our membership categories help CAST achieve its mission."

By: Dan Gogerty

Thursday, July 20, 2017

Much More Than Just a Four-leaf Clover

Fortunate enough to grow up in a small town enriched in agriculture, I eagerly looked forward to the county fair each July. Though I saw a majority of my friends during my weekly trips to the aquatic center and various local sporting events, I yearned to be reunited during what my 10-year-old self saw as her "favorite time of the year." My summers consisted of countless hours washing, brushing, and walking my livestock; reciting my educational presentation umpteen times in the bathroom mirror; putting the finishing touches on my latest project for the exhibit building; and perfecting Mom's chocolate chip cookie recipe for the food auction. Throughout all the hustle and bustle of county fair time, it wasn't until I was much older that I realized 4-H had became much more than an opportunity to reunite with my best friends. Instead, it became a safe place for me to learn, grow, and build skills.


4-H taught me hard work and responsibility. Having an animal to care for each morning and night takes a great deal of time and patience. It made me accountable for the health and well-being of something other than myself. I was the soul provider of feed and water for my animals, and without those nutrients they would die. I gave them baths and kept their barn clean and dry. A majority of my classmates slept in during summer vacation, while you could find me up by sunrise feeding my animals before I was able to eat breakfast myself.

4-H taught me the value of a dollar. In a previous CAST blog titled Dreaming Big about Cattle and Communications, I shared that I made my first real purchase of $100 when I was only 10 years of age. At the time, I was just excited to finally have an animal that I could call my own. Little did I know how life changing that small purchase would be. Fast forward 12 years and that small purchase has helped kick-start my love for the beef industry, allowed me to travel all over the United States, paid for my first car, and financed a large portion of my college education. Thanks to that 600-pound bottle calf, I have learned the importance of saving and investing money.

4-H taught me many life skills. Contrary to popular belief, 4-H is not only an organization for farm kids. It has programs and curriculum for everyone's interests--whether you live in the suburbs of Chicago or the farmlands of Kansas, 4-H has a place for you. I became a more confident public speaker by giving presentations at monthly meetings--speaking in front of my peers and colleagues became a breeze. Cooking, sewing, and carpentry are also tools in my tool box thanks to the countless blue-ribbon projects I completed throughout my involvement.

Although here I've only touched on a small fraction of the lessons learned from the organization of hands-on learning, one other opportunity must not go unnoticed--the chance for consumer engagement and agricultural advocacy. A recent blog written by the Animal Ag Alliance provides 3 Tips for Consumer Engagement This Fair Season. During your time in the barn this fair season, a moment might occur when a fair-goer asks a questions about your 4-H project. Take this time to share your story, show you care, and tell them why the agricultural industry is important to you. They just might learn something new too.

By: Kylie Peterson

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Ag Headlines—Pollinators, Biotech Crops, Cheese Alerts, and the Hygiene Hypothesis


News items about food production and agriculture offer us a digital smorgasbord, but many readers do not have the time to dig under the surface of the headlines and tweets. Check out these recent items—and the article, commentary, or blog that can provide more insights:
Mac & Cheese Reports--Health Alert or Fear Mongering?
After testing 30 different cheese products, researchers found that all but one contained chemicals called phthalates--man-made substances that have been shown to interfere with human hormones. The highest levels were found in the cheesy powder used to make the sauce for boxed macaroni and cheese. BUT—according to many, a mac-and-cheese eater would need to eat hundreds of servings to reach a toxic level. University of Florida scientist Kevin Folta says the reports are another case of manipulating your deepest food fears. 

Pollinators and Bee Health--Common Sense Approaches 

The Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services has initiated the “Voluntary Plan to Mitigate the Risk of Pesticides to Managed Pollinators.” The document consists mostly of recommended best practices for the use of outdoor agricultural and commercial pesticides to minimize honeybee losses, but does not strengthen pesticide regulations. It mainly encourages beekeepers and pesticide applicators to communicate more effectively and use chemicals wisely. Check out CAST’s informative commentary, Why Does Bee Health Matter? The Science Surrounding Honey Bee Health Concerns and What We Can Do About It.

Biotech Crops and Trade

Global seed companies have called for transparent, science-based approvals processes for new crop types after China approved two more genetically modified crops for import but left four others on the waiting list. For an in-depth look at global regulations and biotech crops, check out this CAST commentary--The Impact of Asynchronous Approvals for Biotech Crops on Agricultural Sustainability, Trade, and Innovation.

Gotta Get Dirty

Yet another expert is explaining why “dirt is good” and saying that kids need to be exposed to germs. Check out the CAST blog, The Hygiene Hypothesis—Farm Germs Might Be the Best Medicine.

 

 

by dan gogerty (bottom pic from corbisimages.com)